AACHEN, Hans von
(b. 1552, Köln, d. 1615, Praha)

German painter, born in Cologne (in spite of his name, which derives from his father's birthplace) and active in the Netherlands, Italy (1574-87), and most notably Prague, where he settled in 1596 as court painter to the emperor Rudolf II. On Rudolf's death (1612) he worked for the emperor Matthias.
His paintings, featuring elegant, elongated figures, are - like those of his colleague Bartholomeus
Spranger - leading examples of the sophisticated Mannerist art then in vogue at the courts of Northern Europe, and he was particularly good with playfully erotic nudes (The Triumph of Truth, Alte Pinakothek, Munich, 1598). Engravings after his work gave his style wide infiuence and he ranks as one of the most important German artists of his time.

:: Bergognome, Ambrogio

(b. ca. 1453, Fossano, d. 1523, Milano)

Ambrogio Bergognone (also Borgognone), originally Ambrogio di Stefano da Fossano, Italian painter of the Lombard school whose use of subdued and subtle colours lead Berenson to nickname him the 'Whistler of the Renaissance'. He was a pupil of
Foppa, Leonardo had hardly any influence on him. His youthful Madonnas are deeply perceived and are evidence of the naive piousness of their creator. Together with Foppa he is considered to be the greatest painter of the Milanese School. He painted an altarpiece and frescoes for the convent of the Carthusians at Pavia (1514) and frescoes in the church of S. Simpliciano, Milan.